The numbers from the German Diabetes Society's (DDG) most recent health report are concerning: Around seven million individuals in Germany had type 2 diabetes in 2015; this figure is expected to rise to at least eight million by 2020. In addition, at least two million people are unreported. When we look at it, we must distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Simply put, type 1 diabetics can no longer make insulin on their own. It is a chronic illness in which sugar cannot be taken into cells because insulin is necessary. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is largely an affluent condition.

As a result, the medical director of TeleClinic, a telemedicine provider, considers targeted and ongoing educational work to be essential: "Everyone can help prevent type 2 diabetes by eating as moderately and healthily as possible, such as with a Mediterranean diet, exercising daily, and participating in endurance sports regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight. Obesity contributes to the metabolic syndrome, which frequently leads to type 2 diabetes." In addition, Dr. Schmidt-Sibeth recommends avoiding ready-made meals, juice spritzers, and, most importantly, soft drinks.

"These goods include a lot of sugar, which is masked beneath the acids. Try it: you typically don't want to drink the quantity of sugar in a soft drink in pure water. It's a lot simpler with lemon. There is no other tactic used in the beverage sector." Conclusion by Dr. Schmidt-Sibeth: "Use only tap water. It is constantly accessible, and it is the best-monitored food in Germany."

What symptoms should you seek medical attention for? The earliest signs of a type 1 diabetic are often diffuse, such as the discharge of significant volumes of urine. However, because the condition advances swiftly, it can cause a dramatic course with dangerously compromised awareness before a diagnosis is discovered. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, has symptoms that appear gradually and are generally found during a regular check-up with the family doctor. According to the expert, medical attention should always be sought in the event of symptoms such as unspecific weariness, exhaustion, nocturnal calf cramps, increased drinking, weight loss, increased urination, or repeated urinary tract infections.

Diabetics and diabetes risk groups require immediate access to medical advice and suitable treatment.

World Diabetes Day was established in 1991 to raise awareness of the rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus. The international day of action will take place for the 30th time on November 14th, 2021, and is more crucial than ever. @via who.


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